Experience Antique: Cultural Immersion at the Scenic Antique Rice Terraces

Valderama Rice Terraces

Traveling is not just about visiting destinations. If you want a truly meaningful, eye-opening trip, you have to delve down and listen to the stories of the locals. You have to appreciate and be proud of their home, history, and culture as much as they are.

During our Explore Antique familiarization tour, we had a special opportunity to visit the scenic Antique Rice terraces. More importantly, we had a tiny but knowledge-filled glimpse on their unique way of life.

Our first stop was in the town and municipality of Bugasong south of Tibiao. Bugasong is renowned for its patadyong, a kind of colorful fabric weaved through an age-old style of weaving using a hand loom. The industry, which has been established in the 18th century, is still very much alive today.

We were not able to visit the weaving facilities, but we were able to visit a culinary destination. We had brunch at Dandanzoy Restaurant, a simple and popular local outfit. Locals and tourists from all around come here to taste their specialty—the delectable buko batchoy.

A culinary innovation by Antiqueño chef Boyet Zerrudo, this delicious batchoy (a hot noodle soup made with crushed pork cracklings, pork organs, and vegetables swimming in chicken broth) is served inside a hollowed-out coconut shell. The broth contains coconut water, and the noodles are mixed with grated coconut meat. A single serving costs around P 60.

The taste, of course, is something that was totally—and pleasantly—unexpected. It was significantly milder than most batchoys we tasted. Additionally, the soup has a slightly sweet flavor to it.

Coconut Batchoy

It seems that coconut is the only star in this restaurant. They serve coconut burger at P40 each! Believe it or not, instead of lettuce, tomatoes, or cucumber, grated coconut is layered above the beef patty. The taste hit us right at our tickle bones and had us giggling with disbelief. It was absolutely delicious and surprising.

Coconut Burger

After brunch, we proceeded to our next destination, the mountainous municipality of Valderama. On the way, we cruised alongside this very impressive mountain range. We’ll tell you about our adventure there later.

Mt. Igcuron

As usual, we paid a courtesy call to Valderama Mayor Jocelyn Posadas. With a police escort, we proceeded to the LGU-operated Valderama Nature Park where we had a nice lunch.

Valderama Nature Park is the jump-off to another series of adventures.

Valderama LGU

With lunch done and under the cover of ever darkening nimbus clouds, we rode habal-habals towards our inland destination. We were a little bit apprehensive, knowing that it will rain any time.

Rainy ride

Remember that mountain range we mentioned earlier? Well, this is its “head,” the awesomely stunning Mt. Igcuron. Just look at those sharp, narrow ridges.

After our Experience Antique fam tour, Sweetie and I went back to Valderrama to climb this beautiful mountain. Of course, we did that and successfully stood on the summit of Mt. Igcuron.

Mt. Igcuron

Holy guacamole! A motorcycle turned into a speedboat! Yes, you’re seeing that correctly. Habal-habal drivers push their sturdy two-wheeled machines to their absolute limit by driving them across rocky streams and rivers.

In many rural areas, the habal-habal is the most practical—sometimes, the only—way to go to places. In the hands of a skillful driver, habal-habals can go over narrow spaces and almost all kinds of terrain.

Those are NOT speedboats

Oh, come on! You don’t say! We found out soon that crossing that fast-flowing stream was just the proverbial warm-up. A short ride later, we arrived at a shallow but wide river which we needed to cross.

During sunny days when the river is calm, flat bamboo rafts are used to transport people, motorcycles, cargo and livestock across the waterway. However, on rainy days, using such rafts is dangerous; the current can make short work of them. Rather, “transporters” load up small, engine-less bancas with cargo.

Disbelieving our eyes while totally immersed at the sight, we watched as our habal-habal drivers carefully loaded their vehicles—two per banca—on the boat.

Motorcycles riding a banca?

Oh, there’s still space in the banca? Then let’s put people in! Yes, this should be in the Believe It or Not archives. Our teammates’ reactions in the photo below are totally genuine.

There’s real danger here. If overloaded, water will spill into the banca. Or if one of the outriggers breaks after hitting a rock, the vessel will definitely tip over. There are no PFDs, so you better know how to swim when riding these things.

Let's go!

Once everyone was okay to go, the “transporters” pushed the boat against the current; they were able to easily do this because the water in this area was still knee-deep.

Crossing the river

But at the last few yards of the opposite riverbank, the riverbed abruptly drops and the once manageable current rages considerably. At this point, the guys quickly jumped aboard the banca, grabbed their oars, and rowed furiously to reach the shore.

We can’t adequately describe the action in words, so we embedded this video to see just how insane this is.

At last, everyone safely crossed the waterway. But the river adventure didn’t end there. We need to ride out of the rocky riverbank to re-connect to the road. Yes, getting out of the river area was a bone-jarring ride that literally rattled our teeth.

Trucks, vans, and most four-wheeled vehicles cannot get through the large rocks and soft sand. Thus, locals carry all kinds of cargo on motorcycles, cramming them up until every inch is filled up. As you can see, this is clearly awkward—and dangerous—work.

Rocky ride, precarious position

We got back on the dirt road and proceeded to Barangay Lublub deep into the mountains. On the way, we saw huge tracts of rice plants in various stages of growth. Most of the fields here are arranged in terraces rather than checkerboard fields.

Rainy ride

Two hours after we left the town of Valderrama, we arrived at Barangay Lublub where we met our quiet and kind host and guide Tourism Officer Gina Culibao. This is the starting point of our one-hour hike to the upland barangay of Bakiang where we will spend the night.

Barangay Lublub is a trade and social hub point in this quiet part of Valderrama. People congregate here to buy and sell crops, attend meetings, and chat with friends.

Despite being drenched and cold to the bone, Sweetie and I were quite excited to get this adventure rolling. Anyway, we prefer hiking in cooler weather as we don’t get exhausted easily. Hiking in hot weather dehydrates us and drains our strength.

As we hiked up the mountain, we enjoyed the lush and beautiful scenery. However, we decided to put off taking photos as the weather was gray and rainy. Hopefully, we’ll have better weather the next morning.

Rainy trek

After a one-hour trek on a very muddy trail, Sweetie, Detchie, and I reached Ma’am Gina’s humble home in Barangay Bakiang before dark. Her home is typical of many residences in the mountains, usually made up of packed earth or bare concrete floors, amakan or hollow block walls, and galvanized steel or nipa roofs. It may seem rudimentary, but the minimal construction allows fresh mountain air to circulate freely inside. Yes, there’s no need for air conditioning. The bathroom, toilet, and kitchen are built separately from the living area and bedroom.

While waiting for the others, Ma’am Gina’s kids and their friends sang some nice songs that they learned in school.

An hour later, the other members of our team arrived, drenched and cold as we were. To warm us up, Ma’am Gina and her family prepared a steaming dinner of spicy native adobong manok and hot red bean soup. Totally delicious and filling, especially the soup!

Humble home

Because all of us can’t fit in Ma’am Gina’s house, the bloggers slept in the barangay captain’s house, which is much bigger. We all had a nice, fresh evening shower under an outdoor faucet before preparing to sleep. Our beds were beautiful native banigs (handwoven mats). There were no cushions or mattresses for our backs, but that was totally fine because the meticulously polished bamboo decks were comfortably cool.

The fresh, cool mountain air can become too cold even for locals. Thus, we kept warm by wrapping ourselves with patadyong blankets.

After a refreshing sleep, we woke up to a fairly bright morning, a welcome break after a couple of days of non-stop rain and overcast weather.

Barangay Bakiang

While drinking hot cups of coffee, we went out of the house to check our surroundings. We saw first-hand the huge terraces that surround us.

That cemented area is a drying platform; newly harvested rice grains are laid down here so they could be sun-dried. After the grains are separated through the process of milling, the husks are set aside to be used as fuel for fires.

A gang of native chickens paid us no heed as they scrounge the husks for leftover rice grains.

Grain dryer platform

These sheds house the machines that mill the harvested rice, specifically separating the grains from the husks. We are not sure if these are gas or human powered.


Everything was quiet except for the gentle whisper of the winds, sweet songs of mountain birds, and the occasional crows of roosters. We thought that we were the first ones who were awake but apparently not. We found these two locals checking out the dams that control the flow of water from the mountain spring to the terraces.

Checking the irrigation system

Since breakfast was still more than an hour away, we decided to explore the small mountain barangay of Bakiang. Like many small mountain villages, the community is made up of a small number of homes, perhaps numbering to a little over a dozen families. Houses, stores and a small chapel encircle a clear field that serves as a disco floor, a basketball court, and a community center.

Barangay Bakiang

These shy kids giggled and scampered back to their small home when they saw us taking photos of them.

These kids are happy with the simplest of things. Wooden sticks, marbles, pebbles, wooden tops, and leaves will do just fine as cool, expensive toys. Games come in the form of hide and seek, tag, tsinelas lata, and tubig-tubig. Video game consoles and computers are alien to them. Looking for spiders, creating secret coves inside bamboo groves, and taking cool dips in the nearby spring  are the epitome of daily fun.

We found ourselves feeling pity for “sophisticated” city children who have never experienced these simple joys. Kids whose world revolves on tablets, cellphones, video games, and TVs. Kids whose idea of fun and exercise is going to the mall.

Shy kids

Mahirap ang buhay sa bukid (Life is difficult in the mountains),” people often tell us. Toiling the entire day for a measly amount of income; having no modern conveniences or vehicles; consuming mostly vegetables, grains, and fruits; and walking long distances in dirt trails and jungles altogether seem to paint a picture of misery and desperation.

But for these locals, they do not treat these limitations as difficulties. As we experienced in our sojourns, they are proud of their way of life. They are extremely resilient to any natural and social crisis. They are happy and satisfied with the simplest things—food on the table, a hot cup of sinangag na kape, a glass of fresh tuba, or a roll of tobacco.

In fact, we are envious of them. They get to enjoy life to the fullest without stressing themselves to maintain the status quo and financial standing. They don’t have deadlines to beat or bosses to impress. They are satisfied without modern gadgets and computers. Every day, they feast their eyes on stunning scenery, eat delicious and healthy meals, and breathe fresh air.

Haughty people of the so-called contemporary and “civilized” society have a lot to learn about the way these humble people live.

Old but wise local

In farms and mountain villages, locals often hike on rough dirt trails that become excruciatingly dry, dusty, and hot in summer and extremely muddy and slippery during rainy season. Amazingly, they can traverse these trails wearing flip-flops or even barefoot. They even carry heavy loads on their shoulders and still move on these rough trails without a difficulty!

On the other hand, we, city dwellers, need sturdy trekking shoes or sandals to grip the ground. Even then, we can only manage a slow, careful gait while locals zip easily around us.

Very muddy trail

Makeshift bridges made of wood and bamboo such as these span across streams. These bridges are especially useful during rainy season when the streams become too strong to safely cross through.

Simple Bridge

These natural streams form an integral part of the terraces irrigation system. They are “fueled” by waterfalls and springs high up in the mountains and jungles that surround the community. Locals dig small canals to direct the flowing water to the rice fields.

The fresh, cold water is potable, so springs like these are also sources of drinking water. It is therefore very important to keep these water sources clean.

A stream that is part of the irrigation system

Just look at those massive terraces! The assembly of man-made tiers looks like an ancient Roman amphitheater!

Terracing is ideal for farming on hilly or mountainous areas where the soil is fertile and conducive for growing grains, vegetables, and various crops. This landscaping technique, which has been practiced since ancient times, effectively reduces surface runoff and erosion.

When we visited the Antique Rice Terraces, the terraces are mostly brown because it was just the end of the harvest season. Soon, these brown, muddy terraces will be planted with new rice plants.

Valderama Rice Terraces

After admiring the marvels of the agricultural architecture in front of us, we went back to Ma’am Gina’s house to enjoy a hot breakfast and a chat with some locals.

Soon, it was sadly time to go back to Valderrama for our next destination. Exiting the village required stepping over this wooden “gate.” Hehehe!

Goodbye Barangay Bakiang

Since the weather was kind to us, we found ourselves enjoying picture-perfect scenery. Can you imagine waking up to something like this every day?

Valderama Rice Terraces

Let’s take a closer look of the Valderrama valley and see why this place is perfect for farming. Large tracts of fertile land, characterized by lush forests, are cultivated into rice fields. Extensive mountain ranges and clusters of hills protect the valley from strong winds and sea breeze. Finally, the wide Valderrama river acts as in important source of water for irrigation. All these features make Valerrama one of Antique’s largest rice bowls.

Just recently, the National Museum shortlisted the Antique Rice Terraces as a National Cultural Treasure. This initiative was possible through the leadership of Antique Governor Dodod Cadiao and the full support of Sen. Loren Legarda, former Governor Sally Perez, UP Visayas, and all Antiqueños.

Valderama Rice Terraces

Rushing mountain springs cross the farmland trail at several points. At times, we stopped at these springs to have a drink or to wash our faces and arms with fresh, cold water.

Stream crossing

See that white, crooked line on the verdant mountainside? That is a tall, unnamed waterfall, one of the many waterfalls in the area, that provides water to the rice terraces below.

Green slopes

Just like in the Banaue Rice Terraces, farmers in the Antique Rice Terraces maintain the age-old practice of muyong. Muyong is the act of preserving or re-planting forests and grasslands above the rice terraces. The foliage have various purposes: they keep the soil fertilized, protect the mountainside from erosion and landslides, and act as water reservoirs to fuel springs and waterfalls.

The combination of proven farming methods, the architecture of terracing, and the muyong practice result in to an impressively efficient biorhythm. Biorhythm refers to the harmonious synchronization of cultural activities with the biology and geology of the environment.

Mountains and terraces

As we went down the mountain and back to Barangay Lublub, we learned a tiny bit about the business model in the terraces. According to our guide, a farmer may own one or more terraces. For instance, as a farmer, you may own five of those terraces while we own four below yours. Small groves of trees are planted or preserved to demarcate properties.

Farmers pay a small percentage of their earnings to a local organization to maintain the terraces and to use the rice drying and milling facilities in the area.

Valderama Rice Terraces

Despite having vast tracts of land being terraced, a lot of Valderrama’s hills and mountains remain green and healthy. That’s real synergy that we all can learn. Just imagine if we can design modern cities to work harmoniously with Mother Nature.

Exiting the mountain

After a one-hour downhill trek, we arrived at Barangay Lublub where our habal-habal drivers were waiting for us. We rode back to the riverbank, did another crazy river crossing, and finally arrived at the municipal hall of Valderrama where we had a sumptuous lunch the LGU prepared for us.

River crossing

To truly know and enjoy the wonders of a certain place, you have to experience the daily life there, even for a moment. You have to genuinely connect with locals and understand their proud and unique view of their home. Appreciate what is all around you from a natural, historical, and cultural angle.

The Antique Rice terraces provide the perfect venue to immerse and learn more about life from our humble brothers and sisters who are not so far away from us.

Mountains and terraces

Contact Details

To facilitate your tour around Barangay Bakiang, Valderrama, Antique, get in touch with the following:

  • Mr. Tim Ledesma (Valderrama Tourism Officer) – 0917-507-5409
  • Ms. Gina Culibao (Barangay Bakiang CBT Officer) – 0927-779-0529
  • Mr. Flord Calawag (OIC Antique Provincial Tourism Office) – 0927-699-5727 / 0919-813-9893
  • Ms. Jola Lyn Tingson (Antique Natural Tourism Program Head) – 0977-811-0017
  • Email: experienceantique@gmail.com
  • Website: Province of Antique
  • Phone Number: 0995-5034544

We strongly recommend contacting any of these officers before your trip so they can coordinate with the accommodation providers and the necessary people to help you in your cultural immersion.

Once you arrive in Valderrama, head first to the municipal hall to register. Then see the tourism officer/staff for assistance.



  • P 178 per person – bus fare from Iloilo City to Laures crossing (same rates apply on the return trip)
  • P 25 per person – tricycle fare from Laures to Valderrama Town Center (same rates apply on the return trip)
  • P 500 per person** – round trip habal-habal fare from Valderrama town center to Baranggay Lublub (includes river crossing fare for both the motorcycle and the driver)

Bakiang Related Fees

  • P 50 per person – registration fee
  • P 250 per group of 5 people – guide fee
  • P 150 per person per night – homestay rate at Barangay Bakiang

* Rates are subject to change without prior notice. We did not include our expenses for meals, snacks, souvenirs, accommodations, tips, and other fees in this rate sheet as you may have different needs, preferences, itineraries, and sharing scheme from us.

** It can be difficult to catch a habal-habal on the return trip due to the distance and the difficulty of the terrain. Thus, make sure you arrange with the habal-habal driver to fetch you on an agreed time. We also strongly recommend asking the assistance of the Valderrama tourism office to make such arrangements.


1. For large groups or for a more private tour, you can hire an air-conditioned van from Southwest Tours. Use the following contact details:

  • Cellphone Numbers: 0917-568-2441 or 0947-891-1658
  • Email: bookings@southwesttoursboracay.com

2. Stop by Dandanzoy Restaurant in Bugasong for a nice mid-day meal or merienda. Make sure you order their buko batchoy and buko burger; those are their specialties. For reservations, get in touch with Boyet Zerrudo, Restaurant Manager, at 0926-400-0751.

3. Do not expect inn, resort, or hotel-like accommodations and facilities in Barangay Bakiang. Remember, you are here for a cultural immersion experience, and you need to live like locals do. Thus, you will stay in a local’s house. Expect very basic amenities, and do not demand for anything.

4. For a minimum fee, you can have locals cook your meals for you. If you have special preferences (e.g. seafood, pasta, pork, etc.), bring the ingredients with you. Do not ask the locals to procure hard-to-find ingredients or cook complicated meals for you.

5. There is a small sari-sari store in Barangay Bakiang, but it may lack merchandise. Thus, purchase the supplies you need in Valderrama or in Barangay Lublub.

6. Pack light but bring the following:

  • water (at least 2 liters for the hike)
  • dry clothes
  • sleep clothes
  • swim wear (if you wish to bathe in the mountain springs or streams)
  • blanket or sleeping (if you are allergic to other fabrics)
  • flip-flops
  • trekking shoes or sandals with aggressive tread
  • umbrella, hat, or scarf and sunglasses
  • rain gear (in case of bad weather)
  • extra money for emergencies
  • medications (if any)
  • toiletries
  • snacks

7. Preserve the sanctity of the place by not throwing garbage anywhere. Do not even ask the locals to throw garbage for you. Put your trash in a plastic bag and bring it back to town for proper disposal.

About Gian and Sheila

Rock climbers. Mountaineers. Sweethearts on adventure. Adrenaline Romance is a photoblog that belongs to a loving couple who has an eternal lust for adventure. The blog contains experiences, tips, itineraries, and other useful information regarding adventuring in the Philippines and beyond.

22 comments on “Experience Antique: Cultural Immersion at the Scenic Antique Rice Terraces

  1. Nice article master. Will keep this in mind for my next travel. Thanks.

  2. Wow! What an experience! We thought of visiting the mountains and terraces of Antique during our Round-Panay trip last June. Unfortunately, we ran out of pocket money. Maybe next time then.

    Great and informative. Might refer to this whenever we get the chance to visit Antique again.

  3. Look at that lush greeneries!!! Whoah, positive ions everywhere.

  4. Whoa! I was scared for the motorcycles in the video. That rocky road and the hike looks intense! I have the highest respect for habal-habal drivers who live in places like this!

    • Hi Kara,

      Thanks for dropping by! Hehe! Same here, we were afraid the banca might tip over. That would be, “Goodbye, motorcycles!”

      Oh yes, habal-habal drivers are perhaps some of the most skilled people we ever encountered.

  5. This trip of yours is really an adventure! From rivers to mountains, the banca and the motorcycle rides and of course the people that you’ve met. Pang “I-Witness”, galing! 🙂

    • Hi WhenInMyJourneys,

      It really is. We were very lucky we got an invitation from the Antique Tourism Department to take part of this amazing fam-tour. We never knew that Antique has so much to offer until this fam-tour.

  6. This is what I always love when I travel is the opportunity to delve into the culture and immersed yourself to the community, you get to know the whole process of their lives which would inspire us even more. Another thing is the learning you acquire that money can’t buy, it is always genuine to learn from people from their simple happiness to how they satisfy to whatever life they have. You guys truly had a great time visiting this place as it is clearly shown in your words and photos.

    I can’t wait to read your blog post about the one that looks like a beauty pageant crown mountain, it’s really interesting, oh I wish I was with you guys. Anyway, I’ll certainly enjoy reading about it very soon.

    • Hi Little Lai,

      Thank you for the kind words. Cultural immersion is always an agenda in any of our trips; it’s totally an eye-opening experience when you connect with the locals. It makes the trip more meaningful and fun.

      If time and budget permit, we plan to do a longer immersion adventure in Batad or elsewhere—perhaps around 3 days to 1 week—to truly experience local culture.

  7. Thanks po for this post… Ilang araw na akong naghahanap ng guide papuntang Antique Rice Teracces, ngayung ngakita ko na sure na ang pagpunta ko this Jan 21-22… Thanks… 🙂

  8. It’s nice to read all your adventures in my hometown Valderrama it makes me more excited to be back to my beloved Town. Motorcycle is indeed a great help for those Barangay reachable by this two wheeled machine.I would suggest habalhabal driver and passengers should wear a helmet while tracking those rocky and risky roads;highway is not an exception.Did you know that in March 10,2007 a motorcycle reached the farthest Barangay Busog near Mt. Baloy 15 km farther from Brgy Lublub.It was made possible by a certain teacher assigned in Brgy. Busog.Traversing the rocky Cangaranan River,
    Horse trail terrain and numerous gigantic rock of Brgy Culyat he finally made it to Barangay Busog.You might be curious what’s the reason behind bringing that Yamaha RXT 135.The very simple reason is to make his pupils ride on a motorcycle.(You might do the same if your class topic is about transportation and yet nobody can recognise a motorcycle😂)Sadly,there were no pictures taken but the pupils and the community is a living witness.The first and the last up to now…just sharing

    • Hi Rodel! Thank you for this interesting tidbit of information. Our tour around Antique was one of the best we had. In fact, we plan to return this May 2019 and climb Mt. Madjaas in Culasi. After that, we’ll be going to Seco Island as a side trip. 🙂

      • Hi Gian and Sheila,
        That’s an interesting plan…Antique is really nice place to visit.Just be well coordinated to every agency concern regarding your climb.Good luck and enjoy Antique.
        Warm regards,

      • Hi Rodel! Thank you very much! 🙂 We hope we could run into each other during our upcoming visit. 🙂

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: